The deepest freshwater lake in the world Baikal, in the apt expression of the late academician A. V. winter, – “the priceless gift of nature”.
The lake-sea is a colossal repository of hydropower, a rich Treasury of flora and fauna. There are more than 1500 diverse species of flora and fauna, of which three-quarters are endemic, i.e. found only in lake Baikal and nowhere else in the world. This is a kind of natural Museum, a living laboratory of nature. Not a casual interest in the Baikal Soviet and world science.
Fishing on lake Baikal annually gives the country hundreds of thousands of quintals of fish. whitefish, grayling and other fish species. In the Northern part of the lake successfully extracted the Baikal seal – Nerpa.
Sung in many songs and legends, lake Baikal, the roads, the Soviet people, as a personification of the harsh and majestic nature of Siberia as a source of inspiration for many Russian and Buryat poets, a place of mass tourism and recreation. With the development of industry, the growth in the population the role and importance of lake Baikal as the rarest natural phenomena is only increasing. It will have numerous resorts, sanatoriums and rest homes. It is no exaggeration to say that the Baikal belongs not only to us but to our descendants, the people of the era of communism.
That’s why all of us, signatories to this letter, a serious Continue reading
Amazing lake Hamilton Pool (Texas, USA)
37 km West of Austin (Texas, USA) is one of the most unusual and picturesque lakes in the world — Hamilton Pool (Hamilton Pool). The unusual it is that Hamilton Pool is both an underground lake and surface, flowing to the surface from under the arch stone grotto. Complements the beauty of waterfall flowing from 15-meter height.
The lake was formed thousands of years ago as a result of collapse of the limestone dome of an underground river due to massive erosion. Water underground rivers flow into the river flowing nearby Pedernales (Pedernales river), which, in turn, is a tributary of the Colorado river (Colorado).
The pool is surrounded by huge slabs of limestone, and the ceiling of the cave stalactites hanging down in places.
Until the 19th century there lived tribes of American Indians Tokawa and Apache. In 1985 a parcel of 232 acres of land on which is located this unique natural formation was purchased from private owners and declared a nature reserve — the Hamilton Pool Preserve.
To approach the lake on foot, leaving the car at the entrance to the reserve and breaking the 400-meter descent on a steep slope. In the 60-ies of the last century, the lake was a favourite place for summer recreation Continue reading
Lake – a mass of water or other liquid of considerable size, situated on the land. The large number of lakes on Earth is freshwater, and most lie in the Northern hemisphere at higher latitudes. In the ecology of the surrounding lake environment is referred to as lacustrine deposits. Large lakes are sometimes referred to as “inland seas” and small seas are sometimes referred to as lakes. Small lakes tend to put the word “lake” after the name, as in Green Lake, while larger lakes often invert the word order, as in Lake Ontario, at least in North America.
Most lakes have a natural outflow in the form of a river or stream, but some have not, and lose water solely by evaporation and/or underground leakage. They are called internal lakes.
The term “lake” is also used to describe such a feature as lake Eyre, which is a dry basin most of the time, but can be filled with seasonal heavy rains.
Many lakes are artificial and constructed for hydro-electric power, regional purposes, industrial use, agricultural use or domestic water supply.
Evidence of extraterrestrial lakes exists. The testimony of lakes filled with methane, was approved by NASA to return the automatic research station “Cassini” – observing satellite Titan, which moves around the planet Saturn.
The origin Continue reading