The deepest freshwater lake in the world Baikal, in the apt expression of the late academician A. V. winter, – “the priceless gift of nature”.
The lake-sea is a colossal repository of hydropower, a rich Treasury of flora and fauna. There are more than 1500 diverse species of flora and fauna, of which three-quarters are endemic, i.e. found only in lake Baikal and nowhere else in the world. This is a kind of natural Museum, a living laboratory of nature. Not a casual interest in the Baikal Soviet and world science.
Fishing on lake Baikal annually gives the country hundreds of thousands of quintals of fish. whitefish, grayling and other fish species. In the Northern part of the lake successfully extracted the Baikal seal – Nerpa.
Sung in many songs and legends, lake Baikal, the roads, the Soviet people, as a personification of the harsh and majestic nature of Siberia as a source of inspiration for many Russian and Buryat poets, a place of mass tourism and recreation. With the development of industry, the growth in the population the role and importance of lake Baikal as the rarest natural phenomena is only increasing. It will have numerous resorts, sanatoriums and rest homes. It is no exaggeration to say that the Baikal belongs not only to us but to our descendants, the people of the era of communism.
That’s why all of us, signatories to this letter, a serious Continue reading
Lake – a mass of water or other liquid of considerable size, situated on the land. The large number of lakes on Earth is freshwater, and most lie in the Northern hemisphere at higher latitudes. In the ecology of the surrounding lake environment is referred to as lacustrine deposits. Large lakes are sometimes referred to as “inland seas” and small seas are sometimes referred to as lakes. Small lakes tend to put the word “lake” after the name, as in Green Lake, while larger lakes often invert the word order, as in Lake Ontario, at least in North America.
Most lakes have a natural outflow in the form of a river or stream, but some have not, and lose water solely by evaporation and/or underground leakage. They are called internal lakes.
The term “lake” is also used to describe such a feature as lake Eyre, which is a dry basin most of the time, but can be filled with seasonal heavy rains.
Many lakes are artificial and constructed for hydro-electric power, regional purposes, industrial use, agricultural use or domestic water supply.
Evidence of extraterrestrial lakes exists. The testimony of lakes filled with methane, was approved by NASA to return the automatic research station “Cassini” – observing satellite Titan, which moves around the planet Saturn.
The origin Continue reading
One of the most beautiful places in Transcarpathia is considered Megharshen. Tourists fall in love with lake of Ukraine . its sub-valleys, wooded mountains, mineral water springs Burkov, fast-flowing mountain rivers and Black River Tereblya and of course in the lake Sinevir .
The biggest lake of Transcarpathia is Synevyr, located 989 meters above sea level, and it was formed about 10 thousand years ago.
Synevyr lake — this is the visiting card of the Carpathians, it is one of the most valuable natural treasure of the National natural Park of the same name. The total area of the lake is 5 hectares, its average depth is 8-10 m, maximum – 22 m.
The history of lake Sinevir
According to the legend, which tell the locals that the lake was formed at the spot where was shed the bitter tears of Count’s daughter SYN. At this place died of her favorite people – the shepherd Verkhovynsky VIR, his death was a setup by the insidious father-graph.
But seriously, the lake was formed after heavy shear caused by earthquake. Stony rock, located at an altitude of almost 1000 meters above sea level . blocked the path Continue reading