Plitvice lakes-ethereal beauty!
In Croatia there is a unique national Park – the Plitvice lakes (Horw. Plitvička jezera). Thousands of tourists from all over the world flock here to overjoyed to merge with the Paradise nature. And it’s hard to believe that once this place was called “devil’s garden”.
The famous lakes are located halfway between Zagreb, the capital of the state, to the Adriatic coast, along which, and found shelter Croatia.
For the first time about the Plitvice lakes is mentioned in the 16th century. But then people had no time for beauty – Balkan Nations were constantly at war with the Ottoman Empire trying to assert their independence. It was at that time the dangerous territory called the “devil’s garden”.
In 1777 these places acquire an official name – ‘Plitvice lakes’, which was written by the priest of Otočac Dominique Vukasovich.
Gradually the word spreads about the extraordinary beauty of the Plitvice lakes. Already in 1891, from the city of Karlovac was built the road to the lakes, and by 1894 the number of tourists visiting these meta exceeded tens of thousands.
In 1893 was established the society for the protection of the Plitvice lakes, whose task was to preserve the natural splendor of this place and attract tourists from all over the world.
Society had built a new hotel for the tourists with 28 rooms and purchased two ships for excursions on the lakes. There were Hiking trails, resting places, installed information boards, benches and street lamps.
As a result, the tourists came flooding that adversely beginning to affect the status of the Plitvice lakes and led to destruction of natural landscapes. The result of this was the adoption by the Croatian Parliament in 1916 of the Act on the protection of the Plitvice lakes.
The Park covers an area of approximately 29.5 thousand hectares. It’s sixteen major and several karst lakes located in the form of numerous cascades, one hundred forty twenty-waterfalls and caves, and a unique beech and pine forest.
The Plitvice lakes are divided into two main groups – the Upper and Lower lakes. The difference between the upper and the lower lakes is 133 meters.
The scenery here is dominated by mountainous and animals can accidentally meet ROE deer, wild cat, and if lucky, a wolf or a bear. And, of course, a variety of birds, over 120 species.