General information about the Republic of Buryatia
Buryatia is located in Eastern-Siberian part of Russia. Here is a large part of the deepest lake in the world – Baikal. The Republic is distinguished by a high cultural level, there are several theatres, has its own professional unions of artists, composers and writers. But the only reason tourists go here. First of all, people are interested in traditional culture of peoples of Buryatia: old songs, tales, ritual dances, ceremonies, holidays.
From ancient times until today in Buryatia there is shamanism. About the middle of the 17th century, almost simultaneously there appeared the first Buddhist Lama and Orthodox missionaries. At the foot of the Khamar-Daban ridge, in 40 km from Ulan-Ude is the largest Buddhist temple in Russia – Ivolginsky datsan. This is a working temple, it is open for pilgrims and tourists.
With Buryatia, Kyakhta Sloboda began the Great Tea Road in Russia, which began in China, passing through Mongolia, and ended in Western Europe. About Kahta, its people – the largest millionaires spoke in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Paris and London. This continued until the opening of the Suez canal when it changed completely the route of the tea trade caravans. In addition, on the territory of Kyakhtinsky district in 20-ies of the last century were discovered and studied the mounds of Xiongnu nobility – military commanders. A large part of the archaeological finds is located in Saint-Parbury, in the Hermitage and in Kyakhtinsky local history Museum, which was founded in the late 19th century. Gradually the Museum was expanded and opened multiple offices in different cities of the Republic.
Huns – it’s a nomadic nation who created the first Empire in the vast Central Asian early iron age. Despite their nomadic lifestyle, at the peak of their power they created the city. They know only nine. Eight of them are in Mongolia, and one of the most Northern Outpost of Hun state is located in the suburbs of modern Ulan-Ude. Some historians believe that Ulan-Ude has the right to claim the status of one of the most ancient cities in Russia.
Other major attractions of Buryatia – natural. On the Western slopes of the Barguzin ridge there is the eponymous nature reserve. It was established in 1917 and is the first reserve in Russia. It kept intact all the natural diversity of this amazing region. It is home to Arctic hare, musk deer, elk, brown bear – more than four dozen mammals. And the birds – 250 species.
But perhaps the real gem of Buryatia, and accordingly the whole of planet Earth – lake Baikal, the deepest lake in the world, the largest freshwater lake in the world, lake with the highest content of oxygen in the water. It is also unique in that an abundance of rivers flowing into it (336!) flows out one single river, but what is the famous Hangar! Baikal water has another interesting property – winter and spring it is blue and in summer and autumn in some places it changes its color to green. In the waters of the rivers and lakes live omul, grayling, whitefish, sturgeon. One of the most visited places on lake Baikal is Olkhon island and Chivyrkuy Bay, favorite places not only fans of beach holidays and active leisure time.