“the largest lake”
Review album: On the territory of the Altiplano there are two large lakes Titicaca and Poopo.. Lake Titicaca (Lake of Thor Heyerdahl) is the largest lake in South America, the world’s highest navigable lake. Its area is 8300 km2, an average depth of 140-180 m, maximum 300 m. the water Temperature in the middle of the lake is almost constant at 10-12°C, but near the shores of the lake often freezes at night. Flow into the lake more than 25 rivers flowing from the glaciers of the surrounding Altiplano and follows the river Desaguadero, which flows into the endorheic lake poopo. in Bolivia.
The ancestors of the modern Indians of the Uros tribe before the time of the Incas lived on the shores of lake Titicaca.
They live on floating Islands that they construct from reeds. Reed “people of the lake” and create their own unique homes and boats. Among these people, preserving the ancient secrets of mastery of papyrus ships, Thor Heyerdahl built his famous “Kon Tiki.” Here, according to witnesses, you can watch the most beautiful in the world the sunrise.
The basis of each new artificial Islands are blocks of turf (Colo). During the dry season on natural Islands around the archipelago Uros exposed rhizomes of reeds and dense sod layer. Men sawing it into cubes, which are fastened together by means of pegs and ropes. Each floating island is sure “is anchored”, attached to sturdy wooden poles-the poles are hammered into the lake bottom. It happens that the island rips off the anchor by strong winds and carried far away on open water. In such cases, the island cast adrift, back to the archipelago by boat and begin to build a new one. Every month men are doing that replace the old rotten because of contact with water on a new layer, also woven from reeds.