The Baikal region is located in the South-East of Russia within the mountain belt of South Siberia. It includes surrounding the lake Baikal of the Irkutsk oblast and Republic Buryatiya, and also in Transbaikalia Chita region. Distance, transport, time, the European center of Russia is separated from the Baikal region about five thousand kilometers. But what is the inconvenience of the train compared to the wealth of impressions from Siberia and lake Baikal are waiting for You in the end? With the capital, the Volga region, the Urals region connects the TRANS-Siberian railway. The trip from the European part of Russia to the shores of lake Baikal will take 80 to 90 hours. In the Northern part of the area from West to East (from Taishet to Tynda) is the Baikal-Amur mainline. The remoteness of lake Baikal, almost not noticeable, if you use the aircraft: including all major cities in the region have modern airports. Just a 5 – b hours You are transported from European Russia to Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, Chita, Bratsk. Within the Baikal region developed not thick, but a high quality network of roads that connect regional centres with remote towns. On lake Baikal and the Angara river cruising ships and hydrofoils. Lena is also navigable below Kachug, Shilka below cheats, Kyakhta from the Selenga to lake Baikal. Sometimes only water you can reach. Some remote mountain areas of the Baikal region are still practically inaccessible. Local time in Buryatia and the Irkutsk region for 5 hours, and in the Chita region at 6 hours ahead of Moscow.
The climate of the Baikal region is continental. Winters are harsh, cold and snowy, windy prevailing clear weather without precipitation. Average temperature in January is -32 -21° C. Summers are warm and dry. In the valleys in July average temperature is +17 +20° C. colder In the mountains, here the temperature usually does not exceed +12 +14°C. Wetting of area moderate: the annual rainfall is on average 400 – 500 mm of precipitation. In the intermontane basins, their sum is reduced to 200 – 300 mm and in the highlands increases to 800 -1000 mm. Precipitation mainly falls in summer, and in the mountains in summer dominated by cloudy weather with frequent drizzling rains.
Nature and landscapes
Baikal region – the territory of the exalted, raised to a height of 500 – 2000 metres and the highest peaks, popular with climbers that reach heights of 3000 – 3500 m (the mountain Munku-Sardyk – 3491 m). In the West district of stretched wavy the Lena-Angara plateau, covered with pine and larch southern taiga forests. In Transbaikalia from the South-West to North-East there are numerous subdued ridges (Malkhanskiy, Yablonovy,Olekma), which coexist with extensive uplands and plateaus. The slopes of mountains at altitudes of 1,000 to 1,800 meters is covered with light coniferous forests, mainly of pine and larch. At high altitude widespread dwarf shrub and moss-lichen tundra. Many tops come in “golytely belt” – so called here the most high, rocky surface, covered with cedar stlanika and a Golden rhododendron. Between the ridges are deep dry basin. They occupied the steppe and forest-steppe vegetation. In the basins paved their beds of numerous rivers, here there are beautiful lakes:Goose, Selenge, bunt. From the slopes of the mountains the rivers often fall down into the valley by waterfalls.