El Calafate, Argentina – Throwed
El Calafate is a picturesque town in the southern part of Patagonia. El Calafate is located at 2700 km from Buenos Aires and 1,400 km from Bariloche to the South, in the southern part of Patagonia, surrounded by plateaus on the coast of the Argentine Lake – El Lago Argentino. Population: 3,1 thousand Altitude above sea level: 230 m. the Hotel facilities are designed for 5528 places located in 133 hotels, room 2228. The city differs from the rest of the Patagonia mild climate. The average temperature in December and January are +18°C, and in July – about +5°C.
This small Argentine town that lives mainly from tourism, is extremely interesting in itself. The city was founded in 1927. The Calafate Creek divided the city into two parts, surrounded by white willow trees. The city is literally buried in cherry orchards. Here is amazing nature, bright blue water surface of the lake on whose shore it is located, small, cozy bars and restaurants, local residents, many of whom are Indians. On the main street, Avenida Libertador crowded, lots of restaurants and souvenir shops.
The Argentine is a freshwater lake located in the Patagonian province of Santa Cruz. It is the largest lake in Argentina, its surface area is equal to 1466 sq km (maximum width: 20 km). The average depth of the lake is 150 meters, maximum 500 meters (the deepest lake in South America).
The lake is located in the national Park Los Glaciares, (Parque Nacional los Glaciares), which is a large number of glaciers, among which the most famous glacier of Perito Moreno – Glaciar Perito Moreno. The lake is fed by glacial melt water flowing from several rivers; the water from lake Viedma flows through the river La Leona and many mountain streams. The catchment area is more than 17,000 sq km.
The glacier of Perito Moreno – Glaciar Perito Moreno is the only moving glacier on the planet, reaching 60 meters in height just above the water (15-storey building) and 30 km in length. Every 4-5 years there is a kind of fracture of a glacier, which attracts scientists from all over the globe. This glacier is more than 30 thousand years.
Glacier is an amazing sight anytime of the year. Sitting on the observation platform on the opposite side of the lake, you can spend hours watching the ever-moving mass of ice and enjoy the magical sounds of giant boulders, occasionally chipped from the glacier and descending gracefully in the crystal clear waters of the lake. Breakaway pieces of ice, with its enormous mass, causing strong waves hitting on the shore, and continue their life in the form of icebergs, drifting majestically on the water surface of the lake. The glacier area is constantly increasing, and periodically the ice mass reaches the opposite shore, creating a natural barrier powerful waters descending from the Andes. Some times the glacier holds back the water flow of awesome power, the water level in the lake rises, but at a certain point, the ice wall can not withstand the pressure, starts to crack, break into pieces and flow of the river staring at a gigantic icebergs. A unique spectacle, a miracle of nature, lasts about a day and attracts numerous spectators, including an international television company.
In the Gulf of La Bah?a Bajo la Sombra to take on Board the special ship and to get as close to the steep wall of the glacier to close to explore this natural masterpiece.
In addition to the Perito Moreno glacier, in the southern part of the Park Los Glaciares, the glaciers are Upsala and Spegazzini that descends to the Argentino lake. You can observe during the boat excursions around the Bay of Onelli, a passing fancy of icebergs. In the Northern part of the Park is the lake with the same name Viedma glacier and mount Fitzroy and Cerro Torre, which is popular among climbers and mountain walks.
National Park has 13 glaciers which end in the clear waters of the lakes Viedma and Argentino. In 1981 the Park was named UNESCO Heritage of Mankind.
This is the most nearby communities from National Park Los Glaciares and Perito Moreno. There is a great variety of tours both land and water, discover adventure, sport fishing.
After visiting this town, you will not want to leave these places. And amazing nature, the glassy surface of the lake on whose shore lies the town of El Calafate, will be remembered for a lifetime.